Children and | custody Twenty-seven per cent of households whose parents or guardians of children under the age of 18 had a civil law problem related to children or custody in the past year. Related problems include difficulties in collecting child support or establishing child support (13% of these households are concerned), investigations by child welfare services (9%) and custody or visitation issues (8%). A very common reason people hire lawyers is to deal with legal business matters. During the LSC`s six-week admissions count, low-income Americans turned to academics for help in solving nearly 196,000 legitimate civil law problems. Based on this, we expect low-income Americans to turn to LSC beneficiaries in 2017 with approximately 1.7 million legitimate civil law issues. As people age, they often think about the future and want to make sure their wealth is distributed the way they want it after they die. Employment. Civil law problems related to employment affect 19% of all low-income households. Problems include leaving a job for unfair reasons (8%), a workplace complaint that is not taken seriously or not treated adequately (7%), and exposure to physically unsafe or unhealthy working conditions (7%).
Forty-four percent of Americans with a family income of less than 125% of FPL identify as white and say they have no Hispanic ancestry. Another 28% identify as Hispanic and 21% as black of any Hispanic descent. Four percent identify as Asian, 1% as Native American, 8% as another race, and 4% as two or more races.19 The life experiences of people of different racial and ethnic backgrounds are seen as important in understanding the extent to which people are likely to trust institutions and seek a civil lawyer.20 In 2017, low-income Americans will turn to LSC-funded legal aid organizations. to get help with approximately 1.7 million civil law issues. They will receive some form of legal aid for 59% of these issues, but they are expected to receive enough help to fully meet their legal needs for only 28% to 38%. More than half (53% to 70%) of the problems that low-income Americans bring to LSC scholars receive little or no legal aid due to a lack of resources to serve them. Wills and estates. Civil law problems related to wills and estates affect 9% of all low-income households.
Problems include the need to draft a legal document such as a will or advance directive (7%) and the need for assistance with the estate or administration of an estate, trust or will (5%). 32 This figure includes issues for which respondents reported (1) that they did not seek help, (2) that they sought help from others and/or information online, but did not seek help from a lawyer, (3) that they sought help from a lawyer but could not obtain it, or (4) that they sought and received help from a lawyer, But they felt they could not or did not want to get as much legal help as they deemed necessary. Here are six of the most common legal issues and what you can do about them. Legal Services Corporation (LSC) signed a contract with NORC at the University of Chicago in 2017 to measure the equity gap among low-income Americans. LSC defines the equity gap as the difference between the civil rights needs of low-income Americans and the resources available to meet those needs. NORC conducted a survey of approximately 2,000 adults living in households with or less than 125% of the Federal Poverty Line (FPL), using its nationally representative, probability-based AmeriSpeak panel®. This report presents the results of this survey and other data LSC has collected from the legal aid organizations it funds. Unfortunately, crime is on the rise.
One of the most common legal issues handled by lawyers is that of criminal cases. While civil law issues related to health care issues and consumer and financial issues are the most common issues among low-income Americans, they are not the problem areas most likely to attract a lawyer`s attention. As shown in Figure 4, people seek professional redress for only 18% of their consumer and financial civil law problems and only 11% of their health problems. One of the most common legal problems is personal injury. From March 6, 2017 to April 14, 2017, LSC grantees tracked and collected data on individuals who approached their program with a legal issue. The Census at Intake instrument has three main categories of data collection: (1) unable to serve, (2) unable to fully serve, and (3) fully served. Some of the categories of civil law issues could affect any low-income family, including employment, health, consumers and finances, income security, family and custody matters, and assistance with wills and estates. Other problem categories applied only to certain sub-populations—survivors of family violence, homeowners, renters, households with children, persons with disabilities, and veterans—so the survey was structured to use previous responses to household characteristics to ask selective questions about these characteristics. For example, survey respondents were asked about their living situation, and those who reported owning their homes were given a section on landlords` civil law issues, while those who said their home was rented were instead given a series of questions about rental housing issues.