Other changes resulting from Muckraker`s articles include the reorganization of the U.S. Navy (after Henry Reuterdahl published a controversial article in McClure). Muckraking`s investigations were used to change the way senators were elected by the Seventeenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, leading government agencies to assume oversight functions.  McClure sought out and hired talented writers, such as Ida M. Tarbell, then unknown, or Lincoln Steffens, an experienced journalist and editor. The magazine`s group of authors was associated with the Muckraker movement, such as Ray Stannard Baker, Burton J. Hendrick, George Kennan (explorer), John Moody (financial analyst), Henry Reuterdahl, George Kibbe Turner, and Judson C. Welliver, and their names adorned the covers. Die anderen Zeitschriften, die mit Muckraking-Journalismus in Verbindung gebracht wurden, waren American Magazine (Lincoln Steffens), Arena (G. W. Galvin und John Moody), Collier’s Weekly (Samuel Hopkins Adams, C.P. Connolly, L. R.
Glavis, Will Irwin, J. M. Oskison, Upton Sinclair), Cosmopolitan (Josiah Flynt, Alfred Henry Lewis, Jack London, Charles P. Norcross, Charles Edward Russell), Everybody’s Magazine (William Hard, Thomas William Lawson, Benjamin B. Lindsey, Frank Norris, David Graham Phillips, Charles Edward Russell, Upton Sinclair, Lincoln Steffens, Merrill A. Teague, Bessie und Marie Van Vorst), Hampton’s (Rheta Childe Dorr, Benjamin B. Hampton, John L. Mathews, Charles Edward Russell und Judson C.
Welliver), The Independent (George Walbridge Perkins, Sr.), Outlook (William Hard), Pearson’s Magazine (Alfred Henry Lewis, Charles Edward Russell), Twentieth Century (George Français) und World’s Work (C.M. Keys und Q.P.).  Other securities of interest include Chatauquan, Dial, St. Nicholas. In addition, Theodore Roosevelt wrote for Scribner`s Magazine after leaving office. Lincoln Steffens, Ray Stannard Baker and Ida M. Tarbell are considered the first muckrakers when they wrote articles on local government, labor, and trusts in the January 1903 issue of McClure`s Magazine. The trend of muckraking writing evolved from the yellow journalism of the 1890s, which sparked the public`s appetite for compelling news, and popular magazines, especially those founded by S.S. McClure, Frank A. Munsey, and Peter F. Collier.
Some of the most important documents that defined the work of the Muckrakers were: According to Fred J. Cook, Muckraker journalism led to litigation or laws that had lasting effects, such as the end of Standard Oil`s monopoly on the oil industry, the introduction of the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906, the creation of the first child labor laws in the United States around 1916. Their reports revealed bribes and corruption at the city and state levels, as well as in Congress, which led to reforms and changes in election results. The term “muckraker” became popular after President Theodore Roosevelt gave a speech in 196 criticizing so-called muckraking journalists for what he saw as their persistent negative outlook. Roosevelt, himself known for his “breach of trust” and attacks on powerful corporations, complained that progressive journalists went too far. He borrowed his terminology from the writer John Bunyan, whose Pilgrim`s Progress showed a man with a “dirty rake” constantly staring at the earth. Roosevelt said: The most famous muckrakers in American history are probably Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein for their work in exposing corruption in the Nixon administration. The Muckrakers were reformist journalists, writers, and photographers of the progressive era in the United States (from the 1890s to the 1920s) who claimed to expose corruption and wrongdoing in established institutions, often through sensationalist publications.
The modern term generally refers to investigative journalism or surveillance journalism; In the United States, investigative journalists are sometimes informally referred to as “muckrakers.” Some now use “investigative journalism” as a synonym for muckraking. Carey McWilliams, editor of The Nation, assumed in 1970 that investigative journalism and reformed journalism or muckraking were the same type of journalism.  Journalism textbooks point out that McClure`s muckraking standards “have become integral to the character of modern investigative journalism.”  In addition, the successes of the early Muckrakers continued to inspire journalists.   Moreover, muckraking has become an integral part of journalism in American history. Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein exposed the workings of the Nixon administration to Watergate, which led to Nixon`s resignation. More recently, Edward Snowden has denounced state espionage activities, albeit illegally, which have raised public awareness of the extent of violations of their privacy. (name) A reformist investigative journalist in the progressive era. The work of the Muckrakers drew attention to the problems of the time, including poor industrial working conditions, poor urban living conditions, and unscrupulous business practices.
Prominent muckrakers were writer Upton Sinclair, photographer Jacob Riis, and journalists Ida M. Tarbell and Lincoln Steffens. A faithful adopted son from California, writer and muckraker, returned to the beloved land of his adoption a few years ago. Just as the Muckrakers became known for their crusades, journalists in the era of “personal journalism” and “yellow journalism” had become famous for their investigative articles, including articles exposing wrongdoing. Note that in yellow journalism, the idea was to shake the public with sensationalism and thus sell more newspapers. If it revealed a social injustice that the average person might be outraged with, that was fine, but it was not the intention to correct the social injustice, as was the case with real investigative journalists and muckrakers. Sinclair was an avowed socialist and muckraker whose journalism was partly responsible for exposing Hearst`s brand of “yellow journalism”—a kind of “fake news”—and showing how he pushed the boundaries of the American ideal of the “free press.” A Muckraker belonged to a group of American writers identified with Reformation and paperwriting before World War I.