A legal procedure to deal with the debt problems of individuals and companies; in particular, a case filed under one of the chapters of title 11 of the United States Code. Dicta. Plural of “obiter dictum”. A comment made by a judge in a legal opinion that is not relevant to the decision and does not set a precedent. Objection. In a trial, reason given by a lawyer that a case or proceeding is illegal. It is important to raise objections in open court in order to prepare minutes for the appeal. Modern dictionary for the legal profession in print and on LexisNexis. In addition to explaining legal terms such as “lemon law,” it also includes references to colloquial expressions heard in practice. To define a legal term, enter a word or phrase below. A full-time lawyer hired by federal courts to legally defend defendants who cannot afford a lawyer.
The judiciary administers the Federal Defence Counsel Programme in accordance with criminal law. No one. Usually a human being. Legally, a “person” can legally include a corporation, partnership, trustee, legal representative, etc. Attack. An intentional attempt or threat to harm another person, combined with the current ability to inflict injury on that person that they are concerned about. Although the term “attack” is often used to describe the use of unlawful force, the correct legal term for the use of unlawful force is “assault”. Contract. A legally enforceable agreement between two or more competent parties, entered into orally or in writing. Action.
In the legal sense, a formal complaint or claim before a court. A series of questions that the debtor must answer in writing, regarding sources of income, transfers of ownership, lawsuits by creditors, etc. (There is an official form that a debtor must use.) Empty. have no binding effect or legal force; zero. In criminal law, the constitutional guarantee that an accused receives a fair and impartial trial. In civil law, the legal rights of a person who is confronted with an adverse act that threatens liberty or property. Declaration. Judicial decision on the rights of the parties in a dispute to clarify the legal positions of the parties. Check in. The official collection of all documents submitted to a court in a court case. Continuation. Postponement of a court case to a later date.
Power of attorney. A written document authorizing a person to take certain legal actions on behalf of the person granting the power of attorney. Subrogation. Replacement of one person by another, giving the agent the same legal rights as the original party. For example, an insurance company may have the right of subrogation to sue any person that the person who indemnified it may have sued. The legal power of a court to hear and decide a particular type of case. It is also used as a synonym for jurisdiction, i.e. the geographical area over which the court has territorial jurisdiction to rule on cases. Fraud. A false and misleading statement of fact intended to cause another person to rely on and renounce something of value they possess or a legal right to which they are entitled.
A bailiff of the United States District Court who is the competent judicial officer in federal bankruptcy cases. Governmental body empowered to settle disputes. Judges sometimes use the term “court” to refer to themselves in the third person, as in “the court read the pleadings.” The right as set out in previous court decisions. Synonymous with precedent. Similar to the common law, which stems from tradition and judicial decisions. An action brought by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a claim that the defendant failed to comply with a legal obligation that caused harm to the plaintiff. Answer. In civil proceedings, the defendant`s written response to the plaintiff`s complaint. It must be submitted within a certain period of time and either acknowledge the factual or legal basis of liability or (usually) deny it. Normally, a defendant has 30 days to file a response after the plaintiff`s complaint has been served. In some courts, an answer is simply called an “answer”.
Non-insolvency proceedings in which an applicant or creditor attempts to submit its claim to a debtor`s future wages. In other words, the creditor requests that part of the debtor`s future salary be paid to him for a debt owed to him. Guard. A person legally responsible for caring for and managing the person or property of an incapacitated or minor child. Instructions from a judge to the jury before it begins deliberations on the substantive questions to be answered and the legislation to be applied. Plaintiff. The party complaining or complaining; one who applies to the court for an appeal. Also named the applicant. A written statement filed in court or an appeal that explains a party`s legal and factual arguments. Breach of contract. Non-compliance, without legal excuse, of all or part of the promises made in a contract. Black`s Law Dictionary, Pocket Edition is considered one of the most valuable reference works for the legal community, providing over 21,000 clear, concise and concise definitions for over 15,000 terms.
It is the essential companion to the 11th complete edition of Black`s, which includes all the terms commonly used in this issue. As a standalone tool, this paperback edition includes a dictionary guide and the full Constitution of the United States. Black`s is cited by judges and lawyers more than any other legal dictionary, is recommended by law schools, and is available in this pocket format and a variety of other useful editions. Survival status. An Act providing for an action to continue after the death of a person involved in the action. All shares of ownership of the debtor at the time of bankruptcy. The estate technically becomes the temporary legal owner of all of the debtor`s assets. An official of the judiciary who has the power to adjudicate complaints before the courts.
The term commonly used judge can also refer to all bailiffs, including Supreme Court judges. Benefits for illegally employed minors. If a person under the age of 18 is injured on the job and violates a state law regarding minors, that person is entitled to an additional 50% of the compensation rate as additional compensation, which must be paid by the employer rather than the insurance company.