Written statements submitted to the court outlining a party`s legal or factual allegations about the case. Legal seizure of a person or property; the order ordering the seizure. Case managers use the word “appendix” as an additional document attached to the original filing. These are sometimes marked as exhibits. Jurisdiction – (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have jurisdiction to hear the same case at the same time. Some issues may be brought in state and federal courts. The plaintiff first decides where to file the lawsuit, but in some cases, the defendant may try to change the court. (2) The geographical area in which the court has jurisdiction to hear cases. For example, a federal court in a state can generally only decide a case arising from lawsuits filed in that state. evidence of facts by witnesses who saw actions or heard words; Distinguish between circumstantial evidence, which is described as indirect.
A public summoning of the file or list of cases to set a time limit for the hearing, decision on an application or making orders. Jury pool – The group of people from which the actual jury is selected. The jury pool is randomly selected from a source such as voter registration banks. Lawyers in the case select actual jurors from the jury pool in a process called voir dire. habeas corpus – A brief often used to bring a prisoner to court to determine the lawfulness of his detention. A detainee who wishes to argue that there are insufficient grounds for detention would file an application for habeas corpus. It can also be used to detain a person in court in order to testify or be prosecuted. The examination of a witness at a trial or the examination by a party who opposes the party who called the witness. An order of the court transferring the jurisdiction of that court to another court. Injunction – Prohibits a person from engaging in any act that is likely to cause irreparable harm.
This differs from an injunction in that it can be issued immediately, without notifying the opposing party and without being heard. It should last only until the oral proceedings can take place. Instructions from a judge to the jury before it begins deliberations on the substantive questions to be answered and the legislation to be applied. If a party invokes this act in civil proceedings, it will result in a stay of proceedings pending a new court order. A court order is a formal proclamation by a judge (or group of judges) that defines the legal relationship between the parties to a hearing, court proceeding, appeal or other legal proceeding. Such a decision requires or authorizes the completion of certain steps by one or more parties to a dispute. A court order must be signed by a judge; Some jurisdictions may also require it to be notarized. A transaction in which the owner of real estate transfers ownership to a trustee in order to hold and manage it for the benefit of a third party, the so-called “beneficiary”.
The document also establishes a relationship of trust. An unsecured claim that is entitled to be paid before other unsecured claims that do not have priority. Priority refers to the order in which such unsecured claims are to be paid. See the full definition of court order in the English Language Learners Dictionary common law – The legal system which originated in England and is now used in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions and not on laws passed by the legislature. Judge – A government official with the power to adjudicate claims in court. The bailiffs of the Supreme Court and the highest court of each state are called judges. An original document ordering the accused to do the required thing.
Also an order addressed to the clerk of a court requesting the issuance of a specific application. A collective term that refers to all of a person`s property, including real and personal property and other legal rights. An action to establish the rightful owner(s) of a property. Any act that embarrasses, obstructs or obstructs the court or diminishes the authority or dignity of the court; may result in civil or criminal penalties. There are two kinds of contempt; directly and indirectly. Direct contempt is that committed in the immediate presence of the court; and indirectly is the term used mainly in connection with non-compliance or refusal to comply with a legal order. Legal order requiring the competent official to execute a judgment, sanction or decree. A witness who is cross-examined by the party who called him to testify because of an obvious antagonism towards that party, as expressed in his direct examination.
The request in a procedural document indicating what action or remedy is sought. Similar to an injunction, it is a short-term order issued by a judge prohibiting certain actions until a full hearing can be held. Often referred to as TRO. Sentencing – The sentence ordered by a court for an accused who has been convicted of a crime. Federal courts follow the direction of the U.S. Sentencing Commission when deciding on the appropriate sentence for a particular crime. The union of two or more persons in the context of legal proceedings. An order can be as simple as setting a date for the hearing, or as complex as restructuring contractual relationships between and between many companies in a dispute with multiple jurisdictions. This can be a final injunction (the one that closes the court proceedings) or an interim injunction (an injunction during the trial). Most orders are written and signed by the judge. However, some decisions are pronounced orally by the judge in open court and are reduced to the mere transcript of the proceedings. A file containing pleadings, judgment, motions, judgment and other documents of a dispute.
Legal acts must be compiled by the plaintiff and submitted for appeal to the Court of Appeal. A legal theory and action based on the misappropriation of the plaintiff`s personal property by a defendant for his own benefit. Certiorari Order – An order of the Supreme Court directing the lower court to provide documents for a case for which it is being heard on appeal. As a general rule, the Supreme Court is not required to hear appeals. The Supreme Court`s refusal of the “certificate” confirms the previous decision. A written order from a judge directing an officer to search for and seize stolen or contraband property in a specific location, or that is evidence of the commission of a crime. A document issued by the state asking a person to show what right he or she has exercised authority that can only be exercised by granting or electing the state, or to show why he or she should not be removed. The legal bill of rights that must be given to a person arrested or suspected of a crime before he or she can be questioned by judicial officials. Bail – security for the release of an accused or witness in pre-trial detention (usually in the form of money) to ensure his or her appearance on the agreed day and time. Latin, which means “you have the body”. A writ of habeas corpus is usually a court order that requires law enforcement to produce a detainee they are holding and to justify the detainee`s continued detention.