Some very old Supreme Court cases have strange quotes, such as Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. (1 Ranch) 137 (1803). The “(1 Cranch)” refers to the fact that before there was a series of journalists known as United States Reports compiled by the Supreme Court decision reporter, cases were collected, linked and sold privately by the reporter of the Court`s decisions. In this example, Marbury is first mentioned in an edition of William Cranch, responsible for publishing Supreme Court reports from 1801 to 1815. These reports, named after the person who collected them and therefore called “nominative reports”, existed from 1790 to 1874. Beginning in 1874, the U.S. government produced the United States Reports and simultaneously numbered volumes that had previously been privately published as part of a single series, and began numbering consecutively. In this way, “5 U.S. (1 Cranch)” means that it is the 5th complete volume in the United States Reports series, but the first originally published by William Cranch; four volumes of statements were published (e.g., by Alexander Dallas (e.g., “4 U.S. (4 Dall.)”), and after the 9 volumes of Cranch, another 12 were published by Henry Wheaton (e.g., “15 U.S.
(2 Wheat.)”). See Supreme Court of the United States Reporter of Decisions for other publishing names. The name of the rapporteur of the decisions has not been used in the citations since the U.S. government began printing the U.S. reports. The following is an example of a case that includes a volume number in the citation: A case citation may refer to a full “reported” or “unreported” version of the case. A case may contain parallel citations, which means that there is more than one full version of the case. Neutral citations identify judgments independently of a number of reports and only mention the parties, the year of the judgment, the court and the case number. For example, Rottman v OAG  UKHL 20 identifies the 20th judgment of the British House of Lords in 2002. UKHL stands for House of Lords of the United Kingdom.
EWHC and EWCA refer to the High Court of England and Wales and the Court of Appeal respectively. These abbreviations are usually followed by an abbreviation given by the court or chamber (e.g. Admin, Ch, Crim, Pat). The parties were appointed Cadder and HM Advocate, and a report on the case begins on page 13 of the 2011 Session Cases (UK Supreme Court cases). Each series of reports has a specific abbreviation. and that cases that do not have a neutral citation contain an abbreviated reference to the court: Under this provision, the federal Cabinet may refer a matter to the Supreme Court of Canada by Order in Council. Once referred to the Court of Justice, the Court exercises full control over the procedure to be followed. A request for a preliminary ruling is treated in the same way as an appeal. The Attorney General of Canada has the right to appear before the Court and make representations.
Provincial and territorial attorneys general have the right to take note of a reference and may be included. Interested parties may apply to intervene in order to present their observations at the hearing. If necessary, the Court may appoint an amicus curiae to present a fact in support of a particular point of view. Although there are no `official` reports in Scotland or England and Wales, some series are considered authoritative and should be preferred over others when a report is available for a case. A legal citation is a “reference to a precedent or authority, such as jurisprudence, statute or treaty, that establishes or contradicts a particular position.”  When cases are published on paper, the citation usually contains the following information: More recently, a system of “neutral citations” has been developed, as transcripts of judgments are now quickly available online and lawyers must refer cases that have not yet been reported. These do not refer to a case report, but to the judgment itself. A neutral citation gives the name of the case, the court seized, the year of the judgment and the case number: case citations are used to find a specific case, both when searching for a case in a print journalist and when they are accessible via the Internet or services such as LexisNexis or Westlaw.