Since students are only expected to listen and not speak, the teacher has sole responsibility for deciding what comments students hear.  However, it is recognized that TPR is very useful for beginners, although it can be used at higher levels where preparation becomes an issue for the teacher. It does not give students the opportunity to express their own thoughts creatively. Plus, it`s easy to abuse TPR – “Any novelty, if it lasts too long, triggers an adjustment.”  This can be a challenge for shy students. In addition, the nature of TPR places an unusually emphasis on the use of imperative mood, i.e. commands such as sitting and standing. These features are of limited use to the learner and can make a learner seem rude when trying to use their new language. As a TPR course progresses, group activities and descriptions can extend the basic concepts of TPR to full-length communication situations. Asher developed TPR as a result of her experience observing young children learning their native language. He noted that interactions between parents and children often took the form of parental language, followed by a physical reaction from the child. Asher formulated three hypotheses based on his observations: first, that language is learned primarily through listening; secondly, that language learning must involve the right hemisphere of the brain; and third, that language learning should not involve stress. Asher has conducted a large number of scientific studies to test and refine his hypotheses and teaching practices in TPR. In testing children and adults learning Russian, Asher and Price found that adults outperformed children.
 Research conducted in Turkey in 2018 on TPR by Adnan Oflaz showed that using the method can significantly reduce anxiety in students. During Oflaz`s research on using TPR for two hours a week over a six-week period, “[students] with high levels of anxiety and those with anxiety very close to high levels. has dropped to an average level.  Oflaz also observed that students were more willing to speak German (which was the target language), that they did not intentionally avoid situations where they had to speak in the target language, and that some students “even wanted to speak alternately.”  TPQ-37 – TPQ-47 – TPQM – TPQOL – TPQ – TPR10 – TPR20 – TPRA – TPRC – TPRD Because of its participatory approach, TPR can also be a useful alternative teaching strategy for students with dyslexia or related learning disabilities who typically struggle to learn foreign languages with traditional instruction.  Total physical response Lessons typically use a variety of realiases, posters, and props. Teaching materials are not mandatory and cannot be used for the first lesson. As students progress in their skills, the teacher can start using objects found in the classroom, such as furniture or books, and later can use word diagrams, pictures, and realiases.  There are a number of specialized TPR educational products, including student kits developed by Asher and an interactive CD-ROM that allows students to practice privately.   Temperature, pulse and respiration, total peripheral resistance A reasonable assumption is that the brain and nervous system are biologically programmed to acquire language, either the former or the latter in a particular sequence and mode.
The sequence is listening before speaking and the mode is to synchronize speech with the individual`s body.  Note: We have 179 other definitions of TPR in our acronym Attic Total Physical Response is often used with other methods and techniques. It is popular among beginners and young learners, although it can be used with students of all levels and ages. There is little error correction in TPR. Asher advises teachers to treat learners` mistakes like a parent would treat their children`s. Mistakes made by beginners are usually overlooked, but as students become more advanced, teachers can correct more of their mistakes. It is as if parents are raising their children; As children get older, parents tend to correct their grammatical errors more frequently.  10000+ Medical & Health acronym for physicians, students, and patients with a medical abbreviation. Our experts define difficult medical and health language in easy-to-understand explanations of each medical acronym. Medical & Health acronym online Medical Abbreviation provides quick and easy access to medical and often misspelled Medical & Health abbreviations thanks to a complete alphabetical list from A to Z. Asher`s second hypothesis is that effective language learning must target the right hemisphere of the brain. Physical exercise is primarily controlled by the right hemisphere, and Asher sees coupling movement with language understanding as the key to language acquisition.
He says that learning in the left hemisphere should be avoided and that the left hemisphere requires a lot of experience with the input of the right hemisphere before natural language can occur.  Although most of the teaching time is devoted to listening comprehension, the ultimate goal of the method is to develop oral fluency. Asher sees developing listening skills as the most effective way to develop oral language skills.  The method is an example of the comprehension approach in language teaching. Listening and responding (through action) has two purposes: it is a way to quickly recognize the meaning of the language to be learned, and a way to passively learn the structure of the language itself. Grammar is not taught explicitly, but can be learned from voice input. TPR is a valuable way to learn vocabulary, especially idiomatic terms, such as verbs with phrasal. According to Asher, TPR lesson plans should include the detailed controls the teacher wants to use.
He says, “It`s wise to write down the exact statements you`re going to use, and especially the new commands, because the plot is so fast that you usually don`t have time to create spontaneously.”  Teachers who use TPR typically use it with a variety of other activities and techniques.  In accordance with Asher`s recommendations on the use of the method, it is most often used to introduce new vocabulary.  This is the case at the Polis Institute, a school of ancient languages and humanities in Jerusalem, Israel, which uses TPR as part of the Polis method to teach ancient and modern languages.   Although exercises with the imperative are the mainstay of teaching, teachers can also use other activities. Other typical activities include role-playing and slide presentations.  However, beginners only learn to learn conversational dialogues after 120 hours of lessons.  Based on his experience, Asher presented three main hypotheses about second language learning, which are embodied in the total physical response method. The first is that the brain naturally tends to learn language by listening. In particular, Asher says learners internalize language better when they respond to voice input through physical exercise.