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The Constitutional Court is also empowered to review the application of any relevant law in a case brought before a court. The Constitutional Court may invoke its jurisdiction either by referring the case to the court or by opposing a party to the dispute on the grounds of the incompatibility of the provisions of the law with the Constitution. In such an appeal, the court before which the case is pending must suspend (postpone) the action and refer it back to the Constitutional Court. Dual citizenship is not legally recognized in Thailand. If local authorities consider you a Thai citizen, they may deny you access to Canadian consular services, preventing Canadian consular officials from providing these services. You should always travel with your valid Canadian passport and present yourself as a Canadian to foreign authorities at all times to minimize this risk. Citizenship is determined solely by national laws, and the decision to recognize dual citizenship rests entirely with the country you are in when requesting consular assistance. For more information, see Travelling as a dual citizen. Thai laws are based on civil law, but have been influenced by common law (see also Universal Law Systems).
 The kingdom of Rattanakosin and the four traditionally counted predecessor kingdoms, collectively called Siam, had a largely uncodified constitution until 1932. In the preamble of the King of Siam to the penal code, promulgated on April 1, 1908 and promulgated on April 21, 1908. “In ancient times, the monarchs of the Siamese nation ruled their people with laws derived from the Dhamasustra of Manu, which was then the predominant law among the inhabitants of India and neighboring countries.”  Thailand is a parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarchy. After the country underwent a peaceful transformation in 1932, sovereign power came to the Thai people, with the king as head of state, standing above party politics and fulfilling his role in accordance with the country`s constitution. The administration of the country is ensured by the Prime Minister – who is elected by an open vote of the members of the House of Representatives – and the cabinet formed by the Prime Minister. The kingdom has a bicameral legislature and an independent judiciary. Despite periods of political turmoil, Thailand`s political history reflects the country`s unwavering commitment to becoming a fully-fledged multi-party democracy in which accountability, transparency, good governance and respect for human rights and the rule of law are among the key guiding principles. The Thai people and civil society organizations are increasingly engaged in political activities and enjoy the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the Constitution.With the resilience and fundamental assets of Thai society, the country has been able to continue its development path, guided by traditional Thai characteristics of tolerance, common sense and preference for peaceful development solutions. Trouble. In recent decades, there has been remarkable continuity in policy direction, providing a predictable framework for investors and businessmen. Successive Thai governments have always been committed to certain basic political principles: friendly relations with all neighbors and a responsible and constructive foreign policy, an open market economy, hospitality to foreign investors and tourists, sound macroeconomic policies with fiscal and monetary prudence, and improving the country`s infrastructure to ensure competitiveness. and achieving sustainable development.
This policy is based, inter alia, on the dynamism of the private sector and the strength and continuity of the country`s civil service, which oversees the implementation of policies and the enforcement of laws throughout the country. Thai criminal law is mainly found in the Thai Penal Code. However, other laws providing for criminal sanctions in Thailand can be found in other Thai legal texts and official laws. Penalties for violation of foreigners` property are contained in the Foreign Business Acts. The legislature of the government: (The Parliament, also called the National Assembly) The legislature of the government is the legislative arm of the government, which is responsible for the primary responsibility for passing the laws governing Thai society. The full legal name of the legislature is the National Assembly. The legislative branch (National Assembly) consists of two legislative bodies, each with its own responsibilities. These bodies are the House of Representatives and the Senate. The executive branch carries out most government activities and sets government policy. It also proposes most of the laws to be considered by the legislator and proposes the government`s annual budget. The military`s role in Thailand`s political process reflects a principle, often proclaimed by the heads of the armed forces, that only a well-disciplined military can maintain law and order and protect the monarchy. This principle has been questioned both inside and outside the Legislative Assembly by those who view laws made and passed by an elected National Assembly as the basis of a diverse but orderly society.
However, like military politicians, elected officials often used their power to promote their own private interests rather than those of society as a whole. Prior to the 1980s, the political process in Thailand was generally controlled by elites whose power came from the military. However, the idea of parliamentary government, first enshrined in the constitutions of the 1930s, never completely disappeared. Thailand has had universal suffrage since 1932 and the minimum voting age is 18. Although no law prevented women from becoming involved in politics, few women stood for parliamentary elections.